Forests & Biodiversity⁣

When Auroville was founded in 1968, the area was a mix of dry canyons and sparse pockets of farmland cultivated by Tamil people who had endured centuries of colonialism and resource extraction. European powers had decimated the local indigenous forests, which caused excessive topsoil erosion during the annual monsoons. Early Aurovilians set about working with the local people to reverse the course of ecological degradation.

Over time and through intensive experimentation, they have developed a profound and unique understanding of how to rebuild an ecosystem. They learned how to prevent erosion and topsoil loss, planted hardy deep-rooting trees to begin, and eventually started seeking out and integrating species native to the Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest, a rare forest type native to the coastal belt of Tamil Nadu. Today, millions of trees have been planted and the ecosystem has rebounded to an incredible extent.

  • Tropical Dry Evergreen Forests

    Auroville initiated a major work of eco-restoration which has turned a highly eroded latritic plateau into a re-emerging ecosystem of the TDEF
  • Medicinal Plant Conservation

    Conservation of indigenous plant species with a particular focus on medicinal plants and the people who use them.
  • Rich Wildlife 

    As the Auroville forests regenerated, birds, animals, butterflies, snakes continue to increase in numbers
Forests and Biodiversity in Auroville
Acres of Forests
Trees Growing
2 million
Forested Areas
Species of Birds
Species of Animals
Species of Butterflies

Forested Areas in Auroville

Lush, ecological sanctuaries

See Also