Nilatangam began as a mango orchard and farm with many animals, including cows, goats, ducks, chickens, and horses. A vegetable garden was also developed.
Acreage: 30 Acres | Steward: Ambre and Ancolie
The first reforestation effort began by planting pioneer trees which are the initial species that create some topsoil before the indigenous varieties of the Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest – TDEF – can be introduced. Today Nilatangam has primarily focused on planting TDEF seedlings and between 2020 and 2021, 750 seedlings were planted each year.
The main reforestation activity is almost done; there are still few smaller areas left to be planted. Now the work is to maintain the young forest by watering and mulching the young trees, cutting fallen trees, and fencing. Nilatangam has a small vegetable garden that is fully boar and peacock-proof.
Baraka ForestA Sanctuary for Rescued HorsesIt was the mid-70s when Vijay started planting trees in what is now Baraka. Many fruit trees were planted, and a beautiful fruit orchard was established with mangoes, tamarinds and other varieties.The community consists of 40 acres of forested land and 5 acres of orchards and residential area. It is run with solar power, there is no connection to the grid. There is only a backup generator for the solar pump that is used during the cloudy monsoon days.Acreage: 40 acres | Steward: Achilles
Nine PalmsNine Palms is an expansive forest that was started in the early days of Auroville, around 50 years ago. It protects a major canyon system and allows for percolation of rainwater. The Nine Palms dam systems hold large amounts of water as well. Agricultural activities are undertaken in certain areas, and livestock are also kept.Acreage: 62 | Stewards: Shivaji, Shanti
Shakti Nursery and HerbariumRe-creating the Indigenous ForestRain Tree, planted in 1985, with a circumference of 218 inches and a crown span of 38 m Shakti Nursery is part of a wider project that aims at re-creating the indigenous forest in the Green Belt area of Auroville.Acreage: Stewards: Walter and Luk