The City of Dawn
3 Core Documents
The Universal Township project of Auroville was inaugurated on 28th February 1968, when young people representing 124 countries and all the Indian States placed a handful of earth from their home lands in a marble-clad urn near the centre of Auroville, in a gesture symbolising the creation of a town dedicated to human unity and international understanding.
The Essence of Auroville
The three documents listed below, given by the Mother, the founder of Auroville, are the central reference for all things in Auroville, from the most sublime to the most mundane. They guide everything.
The FoundersThe Mother & Sri Aurobindo
Auroville was founded by the Mother, the spiritual collaborator of the Indian sage Sri Aurobindo. The task of giving a concrete form to Sri Aurobindo's vision was entrusted to the Mother. The creation of a new world, a new humanity, a new society expressing and embodying the new consciousness is the work she has undertaken.
Integral YogaThis Yoga is not a Yoga of worldshunning asceticism, but of divine Life.
Integral yoga, sometimes also called supramental yoga, is a transformational practice developed by Sri Aurobindo and The Mother. Central to Integral yoga is the idea of supramental manifestation on the Earth.
According to Sri Aurobindo, the current status of human evolution is an intermediate stage in the evolution of the Earth consciousness, which is on its way to the unfolding of the Supermind, and the self-revelation of divinity in all things. Yoga is a rapid and concentrated evolution of being, which can take effect in one lifetime, while unassisted natural evolution would take many centuries or many births.
Vision of the CityCity the Earth Needs
Auroville, sometimes referred to as "The City of Dawn" is conceived for 50,000 inhabitants from around the world. At the centre stands the Matrimandir, the "soul of the city", a place for individual silent concentration, in an oval shaped Peace Area surrounded by a lake. Radiating out beyond the lake are four Zones - the Industrial (north), Cultural (north east), Residential (south/south west) and International (west) - each focusing on an important aspect of the town's life. Surrounding the township will be a Green Belt consisting of forested areas, farms and sanctuaries.