Suhasini Ayer - Gallery
ARAVIND EYE HOSPITAL, Pondicherry
The Arvind eye hospital was designed in partnership with Auroservice Pondicherry (an architecture and town planning office based in Pondicherry) is the biggest eye care facility in Asia. The complex has 1200 beds of which two thirds' is reserved to provide free eye care to the poor. The housing part of the complex contains residences for the doctors, nursing staff and administrators. The site conditions forced the hospital to have a full east-west orientation which in this climate is not very conducive to either good ventilation or reducing solar gain. So the buildings have been designed with double skin and shading devices that would counter act this.
Besides providing eye care facilities
this complex has teaching and training facilities for doctors and
nurses. Auditoriums, class rooms and libraries are incorporated
within the main complex. The waste water generated by this complex
is treated using non-chemical and mechanical techniques to be reused
in toilet flushing, landscaping and food growing.
This is one of the earliest guest houses of Auroville around a large banyan tree. The development is done using the banyan as the focus with its sit out as the centre of activity. The buildings are a combination of tile roofs around the first cluster and larger buildings that have concrete framed structures enclosing them. All the buildings use this inside-outside play to create spaces that take advantage of the tropical setting.
The landscaping integrates the existing
trees and the line of Palmyra trees that have been on the land before
the project of Auroville started. These landmarks create spaces
between the buildings that allow an intimate scale. This scale is
what gives this guest house it unique character. The landscaping
is a mixed use of vegetable gardens with fruit trees and ornamental
shrubs/trees. The waste/sewage water is treated and reused in the
gardens. This guest house serves a dual function, it houses the
visitors and also is a meeting point of several Aurovilians and
groups that come for trainings/workshops. So the visitors get to
involve themselves in the life of Auroville.
|The Kindergarten of Auroville
is for 60-65 children of 3-7 years of age belonging to different nationalities.
The main design guidelines was: the spaces of the classroom should
allow multiple usage pattern as there was to be no teacher-student
hierarchy, each class room should link to a central space that would
act as a assembly and the circulation space between classrooms, and
the third important element was that every space in the complex would
physically link to the landscape outside. The design that emerged
was layout of rooms around a central space to the scale of a child
to lessen the trauma on his/her first experience of spending time
away from a non-domestic environment without an intimate adult around.
The sizes of the rooms were designed such that it allows the children to use it in a non-structured manner, allowing large or small groups to work. The furniture is all floor seating with cushions and low tables that could be moved around. The pin boards are placed between deep windows that double as seats where 2-3 children can sit, this makes these spaces become spaces of interaction rather than only display. The teaching process as put forward by the teachers and the children when the design guidelines were formed was "the rooms should allow a free progress system of teaching which allows each child to learn at his/her own pace". In this the design of the classrooms has fulfilled its brief as the users find flexibility within the built environment that allows them a wide range of usage. The educational facility includes more than the reading/writing and play. The fact of having personalized green space attached to each classroom has allowed the kindergarten to develop further their program of gardening, building activity and nature projects. The craft and art areas have been successful, in fact they use the new art and craft room for marathon block building sessions organized by the children as they find the space challenging. The body awareness and expression activities of dance, music and theatre takes place in the multipurpose space that flows out through the little reading room to the central assembly. The theater and music activities in this space is easier on the child as the space is fully open to the gardens taking away the feeling of being watched by the rest of the class. This Project has received the Honors Award 2003 from the "Design Share Awards", California, under the "innovative school designs in the world"
Auroville is an international town comprising of 4 main zones that would serve the needs of habitation, industry, culture and an international area and this is surrounded by a green belt that would be forests, farms and orchards. The town has a concept that is popularly known as the "Galaxy concept". The centre of the town is a garden with three foci, which comprises of the "Matrimandir", "the Amphitheater" and "the Banyan tree". The services of the town would be strung along a boulevard known as the "Crown", which would be accessible from all the 4 zones by the radials that start at the periphery and swing to the "Crown". The crown itself would be comprised of the facilities that are inherent to the character of the zone. The "Solar Kitchen" is located on the "Crown" in the low-density section of the Residential Zone. This Project is meant to be a canteen where eventually people living in this area would eat there or get their meals delivered to the settlements where they live. Today it serves the needs of present population of Auroville. It is designed to serve 1000 meals three times a day. The kitchen and dining hall has been functioning since October '98 and the solar bowl component is functioning since late 2000.
The aim of the project was to build a demonstration project
On the first floor we have a Café and
The visitors Centre was the first demonstration project of the Auroville Building Centre and it aims were:
This project has had funding from several agencies (private and Governmental) as it is a high visibility complex that is visited every day by minimum of 1000 persons. The project has been growing with several additions and extensions since 1990. The building has received the "Hassan fathy Award for Architecture" from Egypt in 1991 and has been nominated for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1992
|Auroville Universal Townshipfirstname.lastname@example.org|