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Census 2001

General information   

Total population : 83,580 (G.O.I. Census figures as per 2001) 

 

Description of population: Mostly "gounder, vanniar" caste (a most backward caste) and harijans. Small farmers, skilled and unskilled labourers, fishermen. The entire area has been certified "backward and in need of development" by the Collector of South Arcot District in 1984, but is rapidly improving. The impact of the development of Pondicherry and Auroville is noticeable.

Information on some villages

(Lists the G.O.I. census figures as well as the village's relationship to Auroville and projects undertaken by the Village Action Group)

1.

Edayanchavady

 

Gounder caste, very few harijans. Mostly skilled and unskilled labourers and farmers.  Udavi School, youth club strong, new women's club, Auroville health sub-centre, two night schools and one health worker. Toilets and kitchen gardens established. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School, selected as model village under the scheme of HUDCO. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

2,369

Type of village:

Revenue village


 


2.

Kottakarai

 

Farmers, skilled and unskilled labourers. Co-op society, night school, library, Trickle-up programme (TUP). Many children attend Isaiambalam crèche and school. There is an Auroville health sub-centre, community health workers, toilets, kitchen gardens and afforestation projects, active youth and women’s club. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Credit and savings. Installation of hand pumps.

 

Population:

669

Type of village:

Revenue village


 


3.

Ambethkar Nagar (Kottakarai colony)

 

The Dalit settlement (outcaste) of Kottakarai village, placed directly opposite. Little cooperation between the two. Landless labourers used to work for large landlord. Many young men have joined Auroville. DANIDA well project, TUP, women's club, youth club and night school. Toilets have been constructed and the village has local health practitioners. Installation of hand pumps.

 

Population:

533

Type of village:

Schedule caste colony


 


4.

Alankuppam

 

Pondicherry State village. Facilities include veterinary service, library, street drainage, ample water, health sub-centre with trained staff nurse and a High school. Contact through youth club, sports club, day school, and night school. Kitchen gardens and local health practitioners. Installation of hand pumps. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.

 

Population:

1,240

Type of village:

Revenue village


 


5.

Annainagar (Alankuppam colony)

 

Dalit settlement at some distance from Alankuppam; also with many benefits from Pondicherry State: loans, harijan housing, etc. Night school. Youth club, kitchen garden and local health practitioner and a very active women’s club with the help of whom an overhead tank was constructed by AVAG and AV Health centre. Credit and savings. Installation of hand pumps.

 

Population:

470

Type of village:

Schedule caste colony


 


6.

Sanjeevinagar

 

Prosperous village, with Pondicherry state advantages. (Big toddy liquor shop of the area here. Encouragement to local dramatists (best in area). Night school and women's club. Organic farming trial plots, kitchen gardens and local health practitioners. Mohanam cultural centre, youth club. Installation of hand pumps. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

1,369

Type of village:

Revenue village


 


7.

Rayapettai

 

Agricultural village with many working for Auroville. Half population is Muslim, half Hindu. The Hindu section is socially conscious and active, Muslims have a separate sangam, but their children come to the Hindu night school. Long lived youth club and night school. Toilets and kitchen gardens. Women’s group. Installation of hand pumps. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

617

Type of village:

Revenue village


 


8.

Rayapudhupakkam

 

Distant from Auroville, primarily agricultural. Rayapettai is actually a hamlet of this village. Contact through development works, night school teacher, woman health worker and farmers of ecological agriculture. Auroville health sub-centre, kitchen garden and local health practitioner. Women’s group and youth club. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.  Installation of hand pump. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

770

Type of village:

Panchayat village


 


9.

Aravindhapuram

 

Dalit settlement of Rayapudupakkam. Noted in the area for its many members who have taken advantage of assistance for harijans and become professional. Good contact with youth club, women's club, community health worker and night school. Toilets, kitchen gardens, afforestation projects and local health practitioners. Overhead tank built by AV Health centre and AVAG. More community service projects. Income Generation Programme for Women. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.  Installation of hand pumps. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

957

Type of village:

Schedule caste colony


 


10.

Thuruvai Village & Dalit Settlement

 

Elders participate with youth in "sangam" along with panchayat members and president; village helps colony. Pilot tree planting project successfully carried out here. Contact with sangam, library, youth club, community health worker, night school, sport. Organic farming trial plots, kitchen gardens, afforestation projects and local health practitioners. Active women’s club in Dalit settlement. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.  Installation of hand pumps. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

810

Type of village:

Village: Panchayat

Colony: Schedule caste colony


 


11.

Irumbai Village & Dalit settlement

 

A quiet village. Site of an ancient temple. DANIDA well project, youth attend Village Action Group seminars. Women's club, community health worker, small night school. Local health practitioners and kitchen gardens. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.  Installation of hand pumps. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

570

Type of village:

Village: Panchayat

Colony: Schedule caste colony


 


12.

Morattandi Village & colony

 

On Madras road near Auroville community of Promesse. Govt. re-housing for harijans. All Aurovilians living in Promesse participate in the Arul Vazhi project with village children, conducting kindergarten and evening programmes. Night school and eco-club, youth and women's club, village reading room, health sub-centre, community health worker, toilets, kitchen gardens, afforestation projects and local health practitioners. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.  Installation of hand pumps.

 

Population:

1,016

Type of village:

Village: Revenue village

Colony: Schedule caste colony


 


13.

Kuilapalayam

 

Closest to Auroville settlements. Handicraft & production units, Bank, Post Office, Auroville Health Centre, New Creation school for village children, training centre. Crèche, night school, day school, workers education programme. Women's club, toilets and kitchen gardens. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Installation of hand pumps. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

2,256

Type of village:

Revenue village

 

 


 


14.

Lakshmipuram

 

Hamlet of Kuilapalayam. Population included in Kuilapalayam above. Includes many carpenters living around the carpentry co-op; depends on Fraternity for water. Drama group. Good contact with Village Action Group.

 

Population:

350

Type of village:

 


 


15.

Bommayapalayam

 

Large village. Division in leadership makes village organization difficult. Night school, crèche, youth club, women's club, community health workers, toilets, kitchen gardens, afforestation projects and local health practitioners. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

2,102

Type of village:

Panchayat


 


16.

Gandhinagar

 

Harijan colony of Bommayapalayam. Seaside village. Night school building. Toilets and kitchen gardens.

 

Population:

476

Type of village:

 


 


17.

Periya Mudaliar Chavadi

 

Seaside village not far from Pondicherry. Many educated youths, night school, reading room, community service days etc. Good contact with Village Action Group. Kitchen gardens and local health practitioners. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.                                                                                    

 

Population:

813

Type of village:

Revenue Village


 


18.

Chinna Mudaliar Chavadi

 

Seaside village. Community health workers. Kitchen gardens started by Village Action Group. Youth club in fishermen’s community. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.

 

Population:

812

Type of village:

Revenue and fisherman village


 


19.

Pillaichavadi

 

Distant seaside village. Youth club, women's club, micro projects, kitchen gardens and local health practitioners.

 

Population:

1,350

Type of village:

Revenue village


 


20.

Mathur Village & Colonies

 

Agricultural village, quite remote. Night school, community health workers, kitchen gardens, afforestation projects and local health practitioners. Contact through greenwork. Women’s club. Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

1,490

 

Type of village:

Village: Panchayat

Colony: Schedule caste colony

 

 


 


21.

Kalapet

 

Pondicherry seaside village. Site of large scale industrial development: Many farmers displaced by compulsory land purchase; problem of pollution from newly introduced industries. Youth club, women's club and local health practitioners. Credit and savings.

 

Population:

980

 

Type of village:

Revenue village

 

 


 


 

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